How should a concerned mother discuss issues of diet and weight with her daughter? Very carefully, according to Erin Hillard, a developmental psychology doctoral student at Notre Dame.
Did you receive affection, play freely and feel supported in childhood? In a forthcoming article in the journal Applied Developmental Science, Darcia Narvaez, professor of psychology, and colleagues Lijuan Wang and Ying Cheng, associate professors of psychology, show that childhood experiences that match with evolved needs lead to better outcomes in adulthood.
Frank Incropera, the H. Clifford and Evelyn A. Brosey Professor Emeritus of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, acknowledges that it’s somewhat unusual for an engineer to delve deeply into the topic of climate change. Scientists, not engineers, have played the most prominent roles in the climate change debate to date. However, Incropera believes solving the problem going forward will require a joint effort from the two specialties.
From construction cranes spanning across the campus to a record high in research funding, and from fighting a rare disease in Haiti to designing a sanctuary in Philadelphia for the Pope, 2015 was an eventful year for Notre Dame.
Three Notre Dame faculty recently received fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities, continuing the University’s record success winning support for humanities research. Receiving the grants are Julia Douthwaite, professor of French; Amy Mulligan, assistant professor of Irish language and literature; and Gabriel Said Reynolds, professor of Islamic studies and theology.
After nearly 40 years of pop culture relevancy, the “Star Wars” saga is continuing this month with the Dec. 18 release of “Star Wars: The Force Awakens.” Fans are lining up to see beloved characters return to the screen, including Han Solo and General Leia, and to welcome several new ones, including a variety of droids. The enduring popularity of and interest in C-3PO and R2-D2 speaks to the fascination many people have with robotics and artificial intelligence. Although no one will have their own C-3PO soon, a number of Notre Dame researchers are working to make droids more science fact than science fiction.
Radiographic images, such as X-rays, mammograms and computed tomography (CT), have always been in black and white. However, a new technology called spectral (color) computed tomography, or spectral CT, is not only on the horizon, but it is also on Notre Dame’s campus, where researchers are giving the phrase “in living color” a new meaning.
Overqualification—the condition of employees who believe that their qualifications exceed the requirements of their jobs—has been widely considered harmful for organizations, which is why most companies tend to screen out such job applicants. But Jasmine Hu and Kaifeng Jiang, assistant professors of management at Notre Dame, and two of their colleagues from Portland State University argue otherwise in an article recently published by the Journal of Applied Psychology.
Ballot initiatives, those petition-driven public votes on contested issues, are often disparaged by liberals and conservatives alike for their avoidance of conventional representative democratic processes and their vulnerability to manipulation by well-financed and organized special interest groups. Nevertheless, according to Benjamin Radcliff, professor of political science at Notre Dame, people in states that rely more heavily on such initiatives are, on average, happier than people in other states.
Patrick Fay and Xiaobo Sharon Hu, faculty in the College of Engineering at Notre Dame, have been named fellows of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). The grade of fellow is the highest grade of membership conferred by the IEEE Board of Directors upon an individual member.
The John J. Reilly Center for Science, Technology, and Values at Notre Dame has released its fourth annual list of emerging ethical dilemmas and policy issues in science and technology for 2016. This list is designed to get people thinking about potential ethical dilemmas before controversial science or technology goes mainstream.
M. Sharon Stack, Ann F. Dunne and Elizabeth Riley Director of the Harper Cancer Research Institute (HCRI) and professor of chemistry and biochemistry, notes that ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death from gynecologic malignancy in the U.S. Researchers from Notre Dame and the affiliated HCRI set out to determine whether obesity contributes to ovarian cancer metastatic success. In other words, are tumor cells better able to successfully metastasize when the “host” is obese versus lean?
Fleeing the wars of Syria, Afghanistan, Iraq, Eritrea, Somalia and other countries, refugees in staggering and unprecedented numbers are entering Europe, some 800,000 so far this year alone. This global and increasingly catastrophic movement is likely not only to continue but even to increase. An innovative project to help manage the refugee crisis has recently been proposed by Richard M. Economakis, associate professor and director of graduate studies in Notre Dame’s School of Architecture, and is now under consideration by officials of the United Nations, the European Union and the Greek government.
Notre Dame researchers have discovered a compound that accelerates diabetic wound healing, which may open the door to new treatment strategies.
Jay LaVerne, professional specialist in Notre Dame’s Radiation Laboratory and a concurrent research professor of physics, has been named a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) in honor of his efforts toward advancing science applications that are deemed scientifically or socially distinguished.
Emily Mediate, a 2015 Notre Dame graduate, has been selected to the American Rhodes Scholar Class of 2016. A native of Colorado Springs, Colorado, Mediate was one of 32 Rhodes Scholars selected from a pool of 869 candidates who had been endorsed by their colleges and universities. She is Notre Dame’s 17th Rhodes Scholar and will commence her studies at Oxford University in October 2016.
More than 1 billion people in tropical and subtropical countries are at risk for lymphatic filariasis (LF), also known as elephantiasis. The World Health Organization has set a goal to eliminate LF in vulnerable countries through mass drug administrations, an effort that has seen dramatic results. However, a new study from Notre Dame suggests that WHO’s recommendations for elimination are not enough.
In the lead-up to the 21st meeting of the Conference of Parties (COP 21), 10 countries have come from behind to make marked progress in their ability to withstand the shocks and stresses of climate change, while five are distinctly less resilient, according to data released Nov. 17 by the Notre Dame Global Adaptation Index (ND-GAIN).
A new technological solution developed by researchers from Notre Dame is aimed at enhancing the physical health, vitality and brain fitness of seniors residing in independent living communities. Unlike many available apps for seniors that merely track data, this app, developed by the University’s Interdisciplinary Center for Network Science and Applications, creates a personalized socio-ecological construct around the senior.
Notre Dame has entered into a partnership with the Posse Foundation, a nationwide college access and youth leadership development program, to offer full-tuition scholarships to select students from the New Orleans area.
When team members are motivated toward promoting the benefits of others, they are higher-performing and stay in their teams for a longer period, according to a new study by Jasmine Hu, assistant professor of management in Notre Dame’s Mendoza College of Business, and Robert Liden of the University of Illinois at Chicago
Scientists from Notre Dame, Rice University, the University of Iowa and Michigan State University have observed three species of wasps evolving into three new species, an intriguing case of rapid evolution in action.
It has long been known that among humans (and some other species as well), males who cooperate amicably with their female mates in raising and nurturing offspring often have lower testosterone levels than their more aggressive and occasionally grumpy counterparts. But two Notre Dame anthropologists are looking beyond the nuclear family for such effects.
The Notre Dame Initiative for Global Development and Marya Lieberman have won a USAID Development Innovation Ventures award to improve global health. Lieberman, associate professor of chemistry and biochemistry, will expand her Paper Analytical Device (PAD) research in Kenya.
Kraig Beyerlein, an assistant professor of sociology at Notre Dame, is lead author of a study that finds police are less likely to show up at protests involving religious actors or organizations—unless the protesters are fundamentalist Christians.
A new National Bureau of Economic Research working paper authored by Daniel Hungerman, associate professor of economics at Notre Dame, and graduate student Kevin Rinz provides the first study of how school choice programs affect the finances of private schools and the affordability of a private education.
The Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering (CBE) has long been a strong area of research at Notre Dame. But with significant University investment in faculty hiring plus the development of a new 220,000-square-foot research building that will support some areas of research in CBE, the department has entered a significant growth period.
Global human development advocate Amina Mohammed will receive this year’s Ford Family Notre Dame Award for Human Development and Solidarity at a campus ceremony at noon Nov. 16 in the Hesburgh Center Auditorium.
Meet Tracy L. Kijewski-Correa, Leo E. and Patti Ruth Linbeck Collegiate Chair and associate professor of civil and environmental engineering and earth sciences. Kijewski-Correa’s work focuses on the unique challenges facing 21st-century infrastructure, with her current efforts directed toward sustainable reconstruction of urban housing in Haiti following the 2010 earthquake. She leads the Structural DYNamics And MOnitoring (DYNAMO) Laboratory, which addresses civil infrastructure challenges posed by increased urbanization and hazard vulnerability, using interdisciplinary collaborations and context-driven technologies.
What’s going on in your head while you sleep? The research of Jessica Payne, associate professor and Nancy O’Neill Collegiate Chair in Psychology, shows that the non-waking hours are incredibly valuable for your day-to-day, especially for helping to commit information to memory and for problem-solving.